Strategies

Policies and programs that work

26 Strategies
Clear all

Alcohol brief interventions

Provide information and increase motivation to change or prevent problematic alcohol consumption in a short session; also called alcohol screening & brief intervention
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol outlet density restrictions

Limit increases in the number and concentration of alcohol outlets by area or by population through licensing or zoning regulations
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use
  • Community Safety

Alcohol taxes

Increase the price of alcohol via regular adjustments to taxes levied for beer, wine, and liquor purchases
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Blood alcohol concentration laws

Set legal limits for drivers’ blood alcohol concentrations (BACs)
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Breath testing checkpoints

Implement checkpoints where law enforcement officers can stop drivers suspected of drinking and driving and assess their level of alcohol impairment; also called sobriety checkpoints
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Dram shop liability laws

Hold alcohol retailers legally responsible for injuries or damage caused by providing alcohol to intoxicated or underage customers; also called commercial host liability laws
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Drug courts

Use specialized courts to offer criminal offenders with drug dependency problems an alternative to adjudication or incarceration
Scientifically Supported
  • Community Safety
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Family treatment drug courts

Use specialized courts to work with parents involved in the child welfare system who may lose custody of their children due to substance abuse
Scientifically Supported
  • Community Safety
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Ignition interlock devices

Strengthen policies that mandate ignition interlock installation in vehicles to prevent operation by a driver with a high blood alcohol concentration
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Internet-based tobacco cessation interventions

Use websites, computer programs, and other electronic means to provide information, strategies, or behavioral support to tobacco users who want to quit, sometimes with counseling or pharmacotherapy
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Mass media campaigns against alcohol-impaired driving

Use mass media campaigns to persuade individuals to avoid drinking and driving or to prevent others from doing so; campaigns often focus on fear of arrest or injury to self, others, or property
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Mass media campaigns against tobacco use

Use broad media-based efforts to educate large groups of current and potential tobacco users about the dangers of tobacco use
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Mentoring programs: delinquency

Enlist mentors to develop relationships and spend time individually with at-risk mentees for an extended period; mentors have greater knowledge, skills, etc. than mentees
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use
  • Community Safety

Minimum drinking age laws

Maintain the current age below which the purchase or public consumption of alcoholic beverages is illegal; currently 21 in all states
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Retail alcohol sale privatization

Repeal government control over retail sales of alcoholic beverages, allowing commercial retailing of those beverages
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Smoke-free policies for indoor areas

Implement private sector rules or public sector regulations that prohibit smoking indoors or restrict it to designated, often outdoor, areas
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Statewide comprehensive tobacco programs

Coordinate state and community-level cessation and prevention interventions and provide information on the dangers of tobacco using a combination of educational, regulatory, clinical, social, and economic strategies
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Syringe services programs

Provide sterile injection equipment and often other treatment and referral services to people who inject drugs; also called needle or syringe exchange programs and needle syringe programs
Scientifically Supported
  • Alcohol and Drug Use

Tobacco cessation therapy affordability

Reduce patients’ out-of-pocket costs for cessation therapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation counseling participation
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Tobacco quitlines

Deliver phone-based behavioral counseling for tobacco users who want to quit with follow-up calls scheduled proactively following initial contact
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use

Tobacco taxes

Increase tobacco per unit prices through taxes at the federal, state, or local level
Scientifically Supported
  • Tobacco Use