Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Educators"

132 results

Helmets in collision sports

Use helmets to absorb, dissipate, and reduce impact forces to an athlete’s head and brain during collisions or falls

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

HighScope Perry Preschool model

Provided high quality preschool with home visiting to low income, African-American children with an emphasis on active learning in Ypsilanti, Michigan

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Holistic approaches to reduce risky sexual behavior among adolescents

Coordinate efforts to reduce risky sexual behavior among adolescents with work, vocational training, or sports

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Homework or extra credit for PE class

Assign homework or extra credit activities for physical education (PE) or health classes that require students to be physically active outside of school

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

In-vehicle monitoring & feedback for novice drivers and families

Support use of in-vehicle devices that alert novice drivers when they have high g-force events (e.g., rapid acceleration, braking, or turning) and allow families to review driving performance later

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Incredible Years

Support young children who exhibit or are at risk for behavioral problems with interpersonal relationship training and parents and teachers who are trained to meet their needs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Integrated pest management (IPM) for agriculture & outdoor use

Support a four-tiered approach to outdoor pest control that minimizes potential hazards to people, property, and the environment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Integrated pest management for indoor use

Support a four-tiered approach to indoor pest control that minimizes potential hazards to people, property, and the environment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Intensive case management for pregnant & parenting teens

Provide pregnant or parenting teens with services based upon their needs (e.g., counseling, connections to health care or social services, academic support, etc.) in school or community settings

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Intergenerational mentoring

Establish a relationship between an older adult and an at-risk child or adolescent; programs are often based in schools, community centers, or faith-based organizations

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) in middle schools

Emphasize high expectations for all students, parent and student commitment, empowered principals, and regular student assessments that inform continuous improvement in a lengthened school-year and school-day

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Later middle and high school start times

Delay school start times for middle and high schools to better align with adolescent sleep-wake cycles; often until after 8:30 or 9:00 a.m.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Mental Health First Aid

Provide an 8 or 12 hour training to educate laypeople about how to assist individuals with mental health problems or at risk for problems such as depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Mentoring for new nurses

Pair new nurses with more experienced nurses who act as a resource and provide support as the new nurse establishes her or himself professionally

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Mentoring programs for high school graduation

Establish programs that connect at-risk students with trained adult volunteers who provide ongoing guidance for academic and personal challenges

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Mentoring programs: delinquency

Enlist mentors to develop relationships and spend time individually with at-risk mentees for an extended period; mentors have greater knowledge, skills, etc. than mentees

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use, Community Safety

Mobile markets

Support fresh food carts or vehicles that travel to neighborhoods on a set schedule to sell fresh fruits and vegetables

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Multi-component community interventions against alcohol-impaired driving

Work to reduce alcohol-impaired driving via sobriety checkpoints, responsible beverage service training, education and awareness activities, and other efforts

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Multi-component interventions: pregnancy and STIs

Support initiatives that combine classroom instruction, individual counseling, and broad community efforts to reduce pregnancy and STIs among youth

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Multi-component obesity prevention interventions

Combine educational, environmental, and behavioral activities that increase physical activity and improve nutrition (e.g., nutrition education, aerobic/strength training, dietary prescriptions, etc.) in various settings

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Multi-component school-based obesity prevention interventions

Deliver educational, behavioral, environmental, and other obesity prevention efforts (e.g., education classes, enhanced physical education, healthy food promotion, family outreach, etc.) in schools

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

No Excuses charter school model

Focus heavily on reading and math achievement, enforce high behavioral expectations through a formal discipline system, lengthen instructional time, and increase feedback on teacher performance

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Nurse residency programs

Implement programs that continue education, mentoring, and support for novice nurses following graduation

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Nutrient management plans

Support site-specific plans for crop production that match nutrient applications to crop needs, typically with agricultural best management practices

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Nutrition and physical activity interventions in preschool & child care

Offer young children opportunities to eat healthy foods and engage in physical activity by providing fresh fruits and vegetables, incorporating physical activity into daily classroom routines, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Open gym time

Offer time during the school day for children to play in the gym, often during lunch period; joint use agreements can expand open gym opportunities to community members outside school hours

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Outdoor experiential education & wilderness therapy

Support outdoor pursuits that emphasize inter- and intra-personal growth through overcoming obstacles (e.g., challenge courses, wilderness excursions, etc.)

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Physically active classrooms

Incorporate physical activity breaks, classroom energizers, or moving activities into academic lessons, usually for elementary students

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Places for physical activity

Modify local environments to support physical activity, increase access to new or existing facilities for physical activity, or build new facilities

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Playground safety regulations

Adopt regulations that address the safety of playground environment, equipment, and materials, as well as adult supervision

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Point-of-decision prompts for physical activity

Place motivational signs on or near stairwells, elevators, and escalators that encourage individuals to use stairs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Point-of-purchase prompts for healthy foods

Place motivational signs on posters, front of package labels, or shelf labels near fruits, vegetables and other items that encourage individuals to purchase healthier food options

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Preconception education interventions

Provide women with information about the risks and benefits of behaviors that affect their health before, during, and after pregnancy

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Preschool & child care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS)

Support quality improvement efforts in early child care and preschool via financial incentives, standards, processes to monitor standards and ensure compliance, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Preschool education programs

Provide center-based programs that support cognitive and social-emotional growth among children who are not old enough to enter formal schooling

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Preschool programs with family support services

Provide center-based programs that support cognitive and social-emotional growth among young children from low income families, with supports such as home visiting or parental skills training

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Promise Academy Charter Schools

Create a school culture of high behavioral and academic expectations, with intense tutoring, increased teacher performance feedback, lengthened instruction time, and health care services

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Publicly-funded pre-kindergarten programs

Provide publicly-funded pre-kindergarten (pre-K) education to 3- and 4-year-olds, through large-scale or universal efforts

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Rural training in medical education

Expand medical school training and learning experiences focused on the skills necessary to practice successfully in rural areas

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Safe Routes to Schools

Promote walking and biking to school through education, incentives, and environmental changes; often called SRTS

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit, Diet and Exercise

School and district level zero tolerance policies

Require school officials to apply predetermined consequences for certain infractions, regardless of situational context or circumstances; consequences are usually severe (e.g., suspension or expulsion)

Evidence Rating:
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
Health Factor(s):
Education

School breakfast programs

Support programs to provide students with a nutritious breakfast in the cafeteria, from grab and go carts in hallways, or in classrooms

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education, Diet and Exercise

School dental programs

Provide sealants, fluoride treatment, screening, and other preventive dental care on school grounds via partnerships with dental professionals

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

School food & beverage restrictions

Limit access to competitive foods and beverages in schools via restrictions on foods that are not provided through the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School fruit & vegetable gardens

Establish designated areas where students can garden with guidance, often with nutrition and food preparation lessons and opportunities for taste tasting and hands-on learning

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School fundraiser restrictions

Prohibit the sale of unhealthy foods such as sugar sweetened beverages, candy, and other non-nutritious snacks at school fundraisers, often as part of a broader nutrition policy

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School nutrition standards

Regulate the quality of food that can be sold to students via the National School Lunch Program, à la carte options, vending machines, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School or community-based abstinence-only education

Promote abstinence from sexual activity, generally only with mention of condoms and birth control to highlight failure rates

Evidence Rating:
Mixed Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

School-based health centers

Provide health care services on school premises to attending elementary, middle, and high school students; services provided by teams of nurses, nurse practitioners, and physicians

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education, Access to Care

School-based health clinics with reproductive health services

Provide reproductive health care services such as counseling, contraception, and testing in middle and high school-based health clinics

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity