Interventions aimed at reducing risky sexual behavior among adolescents can be coordinated with work, vocational training, or sports, providing a more holistic approach to health and wellness. Such interventions often include components focused directly on pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention in addition to activities related to work, vocational training, or sports.
Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)
Reduced risky sexual behavior
Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes
Increased HIV and STI knowledge
Increased condom use
Increased STI testing
Evidence of Effectiveness
There is insufficient evidence to determine whether youth development behavioral interventions coordinated with work, vocational training, or sports reduce sexual risk behaviors among adolescents (CG-HIV/AIDS and pregnancy). Available evidence suggests that sports-based HIV prevention interventions may positively affect HIV-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and condom use in the short-term (Kaufman 2012*), and an intervention within vocational training in the Netherlands yielded increases in STI testing among older adolescents (Wolfers 2011). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Impact on Disparities
Citations - Evidence
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CG-HIV/AIDS and pregnancy - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). HIV/AIDS, STIs, and pregnancy.
Kaufman 2012* - Kaufman A. Effectiveness of sport-based HIV prevention interventions: A systematic review of the evidence. AIDS and Behavior. 2013;17(3):987–1001.
Wolfers 2011 - Wolfers M, Kok G, Looman C, de Zwart O, Mackenbach J. Promoting STI testing among senior vocational students in Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Effects of a cluster randomized study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(1):937.
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