Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Government "

307 results

Nurse-friendly work environments

Improve work environments for nurses via establishment of strong nursing leadership, organizational support, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care, Quality of Care

Nutrient management plans

Support site-specific plans for crop production that match nutrient applications to crop needs, typically with agricultural best management practices

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Nutrition and physical activity interventions in preschool & child care

Offer young children opportunities to eat healthy foods and engage in physical activity by providing fresh fruits and vegetables, incorporating physical activity into daily classroom routines, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

On-site child care

Provide employees with child care options at work; care may be provided free of charge, partially subsidized as part of an employee benefit package, or offered at market rates

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Open gym time

Offer time during the school day for children to play in the gym, often during lunch period; joint use agreements can expand open gym opportunities to community members outside school hours

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Open Streets

Allow community members to gather, socialize, walk, run, bike, skate, etc. by closing selected streets temporarily to motorized traffic; also called Ciclovía programs

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise, Family and Social Support

Out of town bypasses

Establish roads that avoid built-up areas such as towns, cities, or commercial/business districts

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit, Community Safety

Paid family leave

Provide employees with paid time off for circumstances such as a recent birth or adoption, a parent or spouse with a serious medical condition, or a sick child

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Paid sick leave laws

Require employers in an affected jurisdiction to provide paid time off for employees to use when ill or injured

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Parents as Teachers (PAT)

Support home visits that teach parents about early childhood development and effective parenting strategies, with child development screenings, parental meetings, and links to community resources

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Patient financial incentives for preventive care

Use payments, vouchers, and other incentives to encourage patients to undergo preventive care such as screenings, vaccinations, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Payday loan regulations

Regulate small, short-term loans that must be repaid by a borrower’s next pay day via bans, caps on maximum interest rates and loan amounts, minimum loan terms, truth in lending statements, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Income

Permeable pavement projects

Use pervious concrete, porous asphalt, permeable interlocking pavers, open-jointed blocks or cells, or other permeable pavement in individual or commercial development efforts; also called porous or pervious pavement

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Physically active classrooms

Incorporate physical activity breaks, classroom energizers, or moving activities into academic lessons, usually for elementary students

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Places for physical activity

Modify local environments to support physical activity, increase access to new or existing facilities for physical activity, or build new facilities

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Playground safety regulations

Adopt regulations that address the safety of playground environment, equipment, and materials, as well as adult supervision

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Point-of-decision prompts for physical activity

Place motivational signs on or near stairwells, elevators, and escalators that encourage individuals to use stairs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Preschool & child care Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS)

Support quality improvement efforts in early child care and preschool via financial incentives, standards, processes to monitor standards and ensure compliance, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Preschool education programs

Provide center-based programs that support cognitive and social-emotional growth among children who are not old enough to enter formal schooling

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Preschool programs with family support services

Provide center-based programs that support cognitive and social-emotional growth among young children from low income families, with supports such as home visiting or parental skills training

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education