2024 National Findings Report Relevant Reading List

These resources represent relevant research and evidence for key topics and their connection to health in the 2024 National Findings Report and are intended to offer additional framing and context for the Report findings. Relevant readings were identified using an adapted approach for evidence and policy analysis as outlined in the What Works for Health methods. The resources offered here should not be considered exhaustive or comprehensive.  



American Hospital Association (AHA), Institute for Diversity and Health Equity (IDHE). Glossary of health equity terms.  

Bailey ZD, Krieger N, Agenor M, et al. Structural racism and health inequities in the U.S.A.: Evidence and interventions. Lancet. 2017;389(10077):1453-1463.  

Douwes R, Stuttaford M, London L. Social solidarity, human rights, and collective action: Considerations in the implementation of the National Health Insurance in South Africa. Health and Human Rights Journal. 2018;20(2):185-196.  

Jenkinson CE, Dickens AP, et al. Is volunteering a public health intervention? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the health and survival of volunteers. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:773.

Jones CP. Systems of power, axes of inequity: Parallels, intersections, braiding the strands. Medical Care. 2014;52(10 Suppl 3):71-75.  

Lead Local. Lead local glossary: Community power.  

National Conference on Citizenship (NCoC). Civic health initiative.  

Yeung JWK, Zhang Z, Yeun Kim T. Volunteering and health benefits in general adults: Cumulative effects and forms. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:8.


Civic infrastructure and the information environment

Abernathy PM. The state of local news: The 2023 report. Evanston: Northwestern University State of Local News Project; 2023.  

American Library Association (ALA). Press release: American Library Association releases preliminary data on 2023 book challenges. 2023.

American Library Association (ALA). The state of America’s libraries: Libraries adapt and innovate in the midst of record-breaking censorship challenges. 2023. 

American Library Association (ALA). The state of America’s libraries: Special report, pandemic year two. 2022.

Ardia D, Ringel E, Smith Ekstrand V, Fox A. Addressing the decline of local news, rise of platforms, and spread of mis- and disinformation online. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Center for Media Law and Policy; 2019.

Blakemore E. The history of book bans-and their changing targets-in the U.S. National Geographic. 2023.  

Gentzkow M, Shapiro JM, Sinkinson M. The effect of newspaper entry and exit on electoral politics. American Economic Review. 2011;101:2980-3018.  

Gillard C, Culik H. Digital redlining, access, and privacy. Common Sense Media. 2016.  

Jaeger PT, Zerhusen E, Gorham U, Hill RF, Greene Taylor N. Waking up to advocacy in a new political reality for libraries. The Library Quarterly. 2017;87:4, 350-368.  

Kaufman JH, Diliberti MK, Yeung D, Kavanaugh J. Defining and measuring civic infrastructure. Santa Monica: RAND; 2022.

Liedke J, Wang L. News platform fact sheet. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center; 2023.

Mack EA, Loveridge S, Keene T, Mann J. A review of the literature about broadband internet connections and rural development (1995-2022). International Regional Science Review. 2023;1-62.  

Patrick S, Brady S. Building an intentional and inclusive civic infrastructure. Stanford Social Innovation Review. 2015.  

Philbin MM, Parker CM, Flaherty MG, Hirsch JS. Public libraries: A community-level resource to advance population health. Journal of Community Health. 2019;44:192-9.

Radish CC. From our fellows: Envisioning a healthy information ecosystem. Washington, D.C.: Center for Democracy & Technology; 2023.

Sin SJ. Neighborhood disparities in access to information resources: Measuring and mapping U.S. public libraries' funding and service landscapes. Library & Information Science Research. 2011;33:41-53.

Smith T. Library funding becomes the ‘nuclear option’ as the battle over books escalates. National Public Radio (NPR). May 4, 2023.

St. Aubin C, Naseer S, Shearer E. Digital news fact sheet. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center; 2023.  

Waldman S. The information needs of communities: The changing media landscape in a broadband age. Washington, D.C.: Federal Communications Commission; 2011.  


Civic participation, structural barriers, and labor organizing

Adler RP, Goggin J. What do we mean by “civic engagement?" Journal of Transformative Education. 2005;3(3):236-253.  

Bivens J, Engdahl L, Gould E, et al. How today's unions help working people: Giving workers the power to improve their jobs and unrig the economy. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute; 2019.

Bradford EW. Beyond reparations: Justice as indigenism. Human Rights Review. 2005;6:5-79.  

Brennan Center for Justice, New York University School of Law. Voting laws roundup: 2023 in review. 2024.

DeSilver D. American unions membership declines as public support fluctuates. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center; 2014.

Frymer P, Grumbach JM, Hill C. Right to work or right to vote? Labor policy and American democracy. Working paper: 2023.

Hartig H, Daniller A, Keeter S, Van Green T. Republican gains in 2022 midterms driven mostly by turnout advantage: An examination of the 2022 elections, based on validated voters. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center; 2023.

Leigh JP, Chakalov B. Labor unions and health: A literature review of pathways and outcomes in the workplace. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2011;24:101502.

Mapping inequality, redlining in new deal America. University of Richmond Digital Scholarship Lab.  

Mishel L, Rhinehart L, Windham L. Explaining the erosion of private-sector unions. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute; 2020.  

National Labor Relations Board. 1947 Taft-Hartley substantive provisions.  

Schraufnagel S, Pomante MJ, Li Q. Cost of voting in the American states: 2022. Election Law Journal. 2022;21(3).

Schuman M. History of child labor in the United States - part 2: The reform movement. Monthly Labor Review. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS); 2017.  

U.S. Department of the Treasury (U.S. Treasury). Labor unions and the middle class. 2023.

Zoorob M. Does ‘right to work’ imperil the right to health? The effect of labour unions on workplace fatalities. Occupational Environmental Medicine 2018;75(10):736-38.