Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Community Safety" and "Prevent neighborhood crime and violence"

20 results

Alcohol outlet density restrictions

Limit increases in the number and concentration of alcohol outlets by area or by population through licensing or zoning regulations

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use, Community Safety

Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS)

Match disadvantaged or at-risk youth with volunteer mentors in school or community settings

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Education

Child firearm access prevention laws

Impose penalties on adults for a child’s unsupervised access to firearms or violation of safe firearm storage requirements

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for offenders

Use individual or group therapy to help offenders discover and change the thought processes that lead to maladaptive behavior

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Community policing

Implement a policing philosophy based on community partnership, organizational transformation, and problem solving techniques to proactively address public safety issues: also called community-oriented policing

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Comprehensive firearm background checks

Require checks of a broad set of disqualifying criteria (e.g., misdemeanor convictions, domestic violence restraining orders, and juvenile convictions) prior to handgun purchase

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Cure Violence Health model

Detect and intervene in potentially violent situations, educate and mobilize communities, and connect high-risk individuals to services; formerly called Chicago CeaseFire

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Drug courts

Use specialized courts to offer criminal offenders with drug dependency problems an alternative to adjudication or incarceration

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Alcohol and Drug Use

Firearm licensing laws

Require a potential purchaser to obtain a permit or license before purchasing a firearm

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Firearm restrictions for domestic violence offenders

Prohibit firearm purchase or possession by individuals convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence or by individuals subject to a final restraining order

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Focused deterrence strategies

Target a particular crime through law enforcement and community agency cooperation and coordination of various deterrents and social services; also called pulling levers policing

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Hot spot policing

Focus police resources and enforcement on high-activity crime locations within a community (e.g., street blocks and buildings) using policing tactics such as increasing enforcement time, problem-oriented policing, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Juvenile curfews

Restrict youth under a certain age from being in public places during certain hours, usually at night

Evidence Rating:
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Mentoring programs: delinquency

Enlist mentors to develop relationships and spend time individually with at-risk mentees for an extended period; mentors have greater knowledge, skills, etc. than mentees

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use, Community Safety

Neighborhood watch

Support the efforts of neighborhood residents to work together in preventing crime by reporting suspicious or potentially criminal behavior to local law enforcement

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Recreational marijuana legalization

Allow adults to possess a limited amount of marijuana for personal, non-medical use

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use, Community Safety

Restorative justice in the criminal justice system

Use victim-offender dialogue to address the harm caused by a crime and victims’ needs; can take place pre-arrest or post sentence via sharing circles, victim-offender mediation, or face-to-face conferences

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Scared Straight

Organize tours of prison facilities for juvenile delinquents or youth at risk of delinquency and allow them to observe prison life and attend inmates’ presentations; also called juvenile awareness programs

Evidence Rating:
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Summer youth employment programs

Provide short-term employment opportunities for youth, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Employment

Universal firearm background checks

Require both licensed and unlicensed firearm dealers to conduct background checks of potential handgun purchasers

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety