Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Health Care"

119 results

Computer-based interventions to prevent HIV and other STIs

Provide tailored health information and computer-mediated decision making, behavior change, and emotional support via interactive programs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSS)

Provide health care providers with patient-specific prompts or warnings, treatment guidelines, automatic medication dosing calculators, or reports of overdue tests and medications via electronic tools

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Computerized provider order entry (CPOE)

Allow health care providers to enter orders or prescriptions (e.g., imaging studies, laboratory tests, admissions, referrals, etc.) into a computer system; also called electronic prescribing

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Condom availability programs

Provide condoms free of charge or at a reduced cost in community and school-based settings

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Consumer participation in health care governance

Involve consumers in health care governance via roles on governing boards, advisory committees, or shorter-term special projects

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Consumer-directed health plans

Establish high deductible health plans paired with pre-tax medical expense accounts such as Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs) or Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and information tools

Evidence Rating:
Mixed Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Crisis lines

Provide free and confidential counseling and service referrals via telephone-based conversation, web-based chat, or text message to individuals in crisis, particularly those with severe mental health concerns

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Cultural competence training for health care professionals

Increase health care providers’ skills and knowledge to understand and respond to cultural differences, value diversity, etc. via factual information, skills training, and other efforts

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Culturally adapted health care

Tailor health care to patients’ norms, beliefs, and values, as well as their language and literacy skills

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Dropout prevention programs for teen mothers

Provide teen mothers with services such as remedial education, vocational training, case management, health care, child care, and transportation assistance to support high school completion

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Early childhood home visiting programs

Provide at-risk expectant parents and families with young children with information, support, and training regarding child health, development, and care from prenatal stages through early childhood via trained home visitors

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Family and Social Support

Electronic health information exchange

Share patient data electronically between different health care organizations, allowing providers to see necessary portions of a patient’s medical record outside the patient’s usual clinic

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Exercise and work-oriented back pain management programs

Support worksite exercise and physical conditioning programs for low back pain; also called work conditioning, work hardening, or functional restoration/exercise programs

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Exercise prescriptions

Provide patients with prescriptions for exercise plans, often accompanied by progress checks at office visits, counseling, activity logs, and exercise testing

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Expedited partner therapy for treatable STIs

Provide prescriptions or medications to patients diagnosed with treatable STIs to give to their partners without provider visits; also called patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT)

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs)

Increase support for non-profit health care organizations and deliver comprehensive care to uninsured, underinsured, and vulnerable patients regardless of ability to pay; often called community health centers (CHCs)

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Financial incentives for new nursing faculty

Offer loan repayment, tuition assistance, competitive academic salaries, etc. to students who teach in nursing programs after completing an advanced degree

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Financial rewards for employee healthy behavior

Offer payments, vouchers, credits toward health insurance premiums, or other financial rewards to encourage employees to lose weight, eat more healthily, quit smoking, engage in physical activity, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Fruit & vegetable taste testing

Offer samples of fresh fruits and vegetables in cafeterias, nutrition classes, school gardens, or workplace well-being meetings, often as part of a multi-faceted nutrition intervention

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Grady Memorial Hospital Interpregnancy Care Program

Provided case management, care coordination, medical care, and substance abuse treatment and referrals to black women who had recently delivered a very low birthweight infant in the Atlanta area

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care