Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Government " and "Scientifically Supported"

122 results

School fruit & vegetable gardens

Establish designated areas where students can garden with guidance, often with nutrition and food preparation lessons and opportunities for taste tasting and hands-on learning

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School nutrition standards

Regulate the quality of food that can be sold to students via the National School Lunch Program, à la carte options, vending machines, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School-based health centers

Provide health care services on school premises to attending elementary, middle, and high school students; services provided by teams of nurses, nurse practitioners, and physicians

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education, Access to Care

School-based physical education enhancements

Expand or enhance school-based physical education (PE) by lengthening existing classes, increasing physical activity during class, adding new PE classes, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (Tier 1)

Teach positively stated behavior expectations to all students, often reinforced with prizes or privileges and supported with coaching and data; SWPBIS is tier one of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Screen time interventions for children

Encourage children to spend time away from TV and other stationary screen media, often as part of a multi-faceted effort to increase physical activity and improve nutrition

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Smoke-free policies for indoor areas

Implement private sector rules or public sector regulations that prohibit smoking indoors or restrict it to designated, often outdoor, areas

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Statewide comprehensive tobacco programs

Coordinate state and community-level cessation and prevention interventions and provide information on the dangers of tobacco using a combination of educational, regulatory, clinical, social, and economic strategies

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Strong graduated driver licensing laws

Strengthen laws that allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Summer learning programs

Provide academic instruction to students during the summer, often along with enrichment activities such as art or outdoor activities

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Swimming pool fencing

Require fences around swimming pools

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Syringe services programs

Provide sterile injection equipment and often other treatment and referral services to people who inject drugs; also called needle or syringe exchange programs and needle syringe programs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Telemedicine

Deliver consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services remotely for patients who live in areas with limited access to care or would benefit from frequent monitoring; also called telehealth

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Tobacco cessation therapy affordability

Reduce patients’ out-of-pocket costs for cessation therapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation counseling participation

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco quitlines

Deliver phone-based behavioral counseling for tobacco users who want to quit with follow-up calls scheduled proactively following initial contact

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco taxes

Increase tobacco per unit prices through taxes at the federal, state, or local level

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Traffic calming

Modify the built environment to affect traffic speed and patterns via speed humps, pedestrian center crossing islands, roundabouts, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit, Community Safety

Transitional jobs

Establish time-limited, subsidized, paid job opportunities to provide a bridge to unsubsidized employment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Treatment Foster Care Oregon

Place severely and chronically delinquent youth in foster families that are trained in structured behavior management and connected to TFCO program staff; formerly called Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Universal motorcycle helmet laws

Require all motorcycle operators and passengers to wear a helmet; laws are established statewide and may also include mopeds and scooters

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Worksite obesity prevention interventions

Use educational, environmental, and behavioral strategies to improve food choices and physical activity opportunities in worksite settings, also called workplace health programs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Zoning regulations for land use policy

Use zoning regulations to address aesthetics and safety of the physical environment, street continuity and connectivity, residential density and proximity to businesses, schools, and recreation, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit, Diet and Exercise