Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Government "

306 results

Smart Start North Carolina

Provide comprehensive early childhood services, including high quality educational child care, health, and family support to address local needs

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Smoke-free policies for indoor areas

Implement private sector rules or public sector regulations that prohibit smoking indoors or restrict it to designated, often outdoor, areas

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Smoke-free policies for multi-unit housing

Implement private sector rules or public sector regulations that prohibit smoking in and around multi-unit housing

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Smoke-free policies for outdoor areas

Implement private sector rules or public sector regulations that prohibit smoking outdoors or restrict it to designated areas

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Social host laws

Adopt laws that hold private property owners who provide alcohol to minors or obviously intoxicated individuals on their property liable if someone is killed or injured as a result

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Social media for civic participation

Support individual and group use of internet-based tools to receive news, communicate or share information, collaborate on ideas, mobilize networks, and make collective decisions

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Social service integration

Coordinate access to services across delivery systems and disciplinary boundaries (e.g., housing, disability, physical health, mental health, child welfare, workforce services, etc.)

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

State-level minimum nurse staffing requirements for nursing homes

Establish state level regulations that require nursing homes to employ at least a set number of licensed and non-licensed nursing staff, often set in terms of staff hours per resident day

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Statewide comprehensive tobacco programs

Coordinate state and community-level cessation and prevention interventions and provide information on the dangers of tobacco using a combination of educational, regulatory, clinical, social, and economic strategies

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Strong graduated driver licensing laws

Strengthen laws that allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Sugar sweetened beverage taxes

Increase the price of sugar sweetened beverages (e.g., soda) by adding an excise or sales tax to the current price

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Summer learning programs

Provide academic instruction to students during the summer, often along with enrichment activities such as art or outdoor activities

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Summer youth employment programs

Provide short-term employment opportunities for youth, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Employment

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits

Explore ways to increase Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program benefit amounts for aged, blind, or disabled individuals, including children, with little or no income

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Income

Swimming pool fencing

Require fences around swimming pools

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Synthetic progesterone (17P) access

Ensure appropriate access to 17P, a synthetic version of the hormone progesterone, by identifying high-risk women, reducing barriers to treatment receipt and completion, coordinating care, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Teen pregnancy prevention programs

Support school-, community-, and clinic-based teen pregnancy prevention programs such as comprehensive sex education, HIV/STI prevention and youth development efforts, service learning, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Telemedicine

Deliver consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services remotely for patients who live in areas with limited access to care or would benefit from frequent monitoring; also called telehealth

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Telemental health services

Provide mental health care services (e.g., psychotherapy or counseling) via telephone or videoconference

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Tobacco cessation contests

Encourage participants to quit using tobacco on a set date or during a specific time period and give successful participants a chance to win financial rewards or other prizes; often called Quit & win contests

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco cessation therapy affordability

Reduce patients’ out-of-pocket costs for cessation therapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation counseling participation

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco marketing restrictions

Limit promotion, placement, flavoring, or pricing of tobacco products via regulation

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco quitlines

Deliver phone-based behavioral counseling for tobacco users who want to quit with follow-up calls scheduled proactively following initial contact

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco retailer licensing

Require retailers to purchase licenses, typically annually, to sell tobacco products; retailers must abide by all tobacco control laws to maintain licenses

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco retailer location restrictions

Set the number, type, proximity, and density of tobacco retailers, especially near homes and schools, via state or local zoning, licensing restrictions, or other regulations

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco taxes

Increase tobacco per unit prices through taxes at the federal, state, or local level

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Traffic calming

Modify the built environment to affect traffic speed and patterns via speed humps, pedestrian center crossing islands, roundabouts, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit, Community Safety

Transitional jobs

Establish time-limited, subsidized, paid job opportunities to provide a bridge to unsubsidized employment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Trauma-informed approaches to community building

Support and strengthen traumatized and distressed residents and communities and address effects of trauma (e.g., violence, poverty, homelessness, social isolation, racism, etc.) via a comprehensive, multi-stakeholder...

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Trauma-informed juvenile justice systems

Support a trauma-informed juvenile justice system through staff training and broad adoption of trauma-informed practices and policies

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Trauma-informed schools

Adopt a multi-tiered approach within schools to address the needs of trauma-exposed youth, including school-wide changes, screenings, and individual intensive support

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Treatment Foster Care

Place youth with mental, emotional, and behavioral health challenges in foster families that provide a structured, nurturing, therapeutic environment; also called Therapeutic Foster Care (TFC)

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Treatment Foster Care Oregon

Place severely and chronically delinquent youth in foster families that are trained in structured behavior management and connected to TFCO program staff; formerly called Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Unemployment insurance (UI)

Extend or raise the compensation provided to eligible, unemployed workers looking for jobs

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Income

Unhealthy snack taxes

Increase the price of snack products high in sugar and fat by adding an excise or sales tax to the current price

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Universal distracted driving laws

Prohibit all drivers from texting or talking on a cell phone while driving

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Universal firearm background checks

Require both licensed and unlicensed firearm dealers to conduct background checks of potential handgun purchasers

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Universal motorcycle helmet laws

Require all motorcycle operators and passengers to wear a helmet; laws are established statewide and may also include mopeds and scooters

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Universal pre-kindergarten

Provide pre-kindergarten (pre-K) education to all 4-year-olds, regardless of family income

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Urban agriculture

Support food-producing and income-earning activities in urban environments (e.g., edible landscapes, front yard or rooftop gardens, window farming, hydroponics, livestock, etc.)

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Value-based purchasing (VBP)

Use the purchasing power of employers and groups of insured individuals to create incentives and disincentives for health care providers to deliver high quality, high value care

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Vehicle anti-idling initiatives

Implement anti-idling policies and awareness campaigns to reduce engine idling for passenger vehicles, school buses, and/or equipment and truck fleets

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Vehicle inspection & maintenance (I/M) programs

Require scheduled testing of vehicles’ tailpipe and evaporative emissions; federally mandated in areas with particularly poor air quality

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Water availability & promotion interventions

Make water readily available in various settings via regular placement of drinking fountains, water coolers, bottled water in vending machines, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

Provide assistance to low income families to make their homes more energy efficient and to permanently reduce their energy bills

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

WIC & Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Programs

Support Farmers’ Market Nutrition Programs, which provide WIC and Senior Nutrition Program participants with coupons for fresh, unprepared, locally grown fruits and vegetables

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Workplace supports for breastfeeding

Support breastfeeding via private, well-equipped lactation spaces in workplaces, along with breastfeeding breaks, flexible schedules, professional lactation support, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Worksite obesity prevention interventions

Use educational, environmental, and behavioral strategies to improve food choices and physical activity opportunities in worksite settings, also called workplace health programs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Youth apprenticeship initiatives

Provide participating high school students with professional opportunities that combine academic and on-the-job training or mentorship

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Youth football full contact rules

Restrict full contact between youth football players via limits to the number of contact practices, head hits per player, delay tackling until a certain age, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety