Strengthen laws that allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges
What Works for Health
Policies and programs that can improve health
Increase the price of sugar sweetened beverages (e.g., soda) by adding an excise or sales tax to the current price
Provide academic instruction to students during the summer, often along with enrichment activities such as art or outdoor activities
Provide short-term employment opportunities for youth, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds
Explore ways to increase Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program benefit amounts for aged, blind, or disabled individuals, including children, with little or no income
Require fences around swimming pools
Ensure appropriate access to 17P, a synthetic version of the hormone progesterone, by identifying high-risk women, reducing barriers to treatment receipt and completion, coordinating care, etc.
Provide sterile injection equipment and often other treatment and referral services to people who inject drugs; also called needle or syringe exchange programs and needle syringe programs
Incorporate technology into classroom instruction via computer-assisted instruction programs, computer-managed learning programs, use of interactive white boards, etc.
Support school-, community-, and clinic-based teen pregnancy prevention programs such as comprehensive sex education, HIV/STI prevention and youth development efforts, service learning, etc.
Allow employees to work outside a central office, using technology to interact with others inside and outside the organization; also called remote work, telework, or flexible working arrangements
Deliver consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services remotely for patients who live in areas with limited access to care or would benefit from frequent monitoring; also called telehealth
Provide mental health care services (e.g., psychotherapy or counseling) via telephone or videoconference
Provide reminders, education, or self-management assistance for health conditions, especially chronic diseases, via text message
Vary patient drug costs by tier; e.g., generic drugs have the lowest co-pay or cost sharing in tier one, then preferred brand name medications (tier two), then non-formulary drugs (tier three)
Encourage participants to quit using tobacco on a set date or during a specific time period and give successful participants a chance to win financial rewards or other prizes; often called Quit & win contests
Reduce patients’ out-of-pocket costs for cessation therapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation counseling participation
Limit promotion, placement, flavoring, or pricing of tobacco products via regulation
Deliver phone-based behavioral counseling for tobacco users who want to quit with follow-up calls scheduled proactively following initial contact
Require retailers to purchase licenses, typically annually, to sell tobacco products; retailers must abide by all tobacco control laws to maintain licenses
Set the number, type, proximity, and density of tobacco retailers, especially near homes and schools, via state or local zoning, licensing restrictions, or other regulations
Increase tobacco per unit prices through taxes at the federal, state, or local level
Modify the built environment to affect traffic speed and patterns via speed humps, pedestrian center crossing islands, roundabouts, etc.
Establish time-limited, subsidized, paid job opportunities to provide a bridge to unsubsidized employment
Support and strengthen traumatized and distressed residents and communities and address effects of trauma (e.g., violence, poverty, homelessness, social isolation, racism, etc.) via a comprehensive, multi-stakeholder...
Shift the way health care organizations approach trauma by adopting universal trauma precautions and providing trauma-specific care
Support a trauma-informed juvenile justice system through staff training and broad adoption of trauma-informed practices and policies
Adopt a multi-tiered approach within schools to address the needs of trauma-exposed youth, including school-wide changes, screenings, and individual intensive support
Place youth with mental, emotional, and behavioral health challenges in foster families that provide a structured, nurturing, therapeutic environment; also called Therapeutic Foster Care (TFC)
Place severely and chronically delinquent youth in foster families that are trained in structured behavior management and connected to TFCO program staff; formerly called Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care
Extend or raise the compensation provided to eligible, unemployed workers looking for jobs
Increase the price of snack products high in sugar and fat by adding an excise or sales tax to the current price
Prohibit all drivers from texting or talking on a cell phone while driving
Require both licensed and unlicensed firearm dealers to conduct background checks of potential handgun purchasers
Require all motorcycle operators and passengers to wear a helmet; laws are established statewide and may also include mopeds and scooters
Provide all students with the information and skills to prevent alcohol use; programs can be delivered via a specific curriculum or as a component of classroom behavior management
Deliver a curriculum-based program that helps all students learn to recognize warning signs of suicide in themselves and others in a school setting
Support food-producing and income-earning activities in urban environments (e.g., edible landscapes, front yard or rooftop gardens, window farming, hydroponics, livestock, etc.)
Create financial incentives or remove financial disincentives to affect consumer choices and incentivize provision of cost efficient health care services
Use the purchasing power of employers and groups of insured individuals to create incentives and disincentives for health care providers to deliver high quality, high value care
Implement anti-idling policies and awareness campaigns to reduce engine idling for passenger vehicles, school buses, and/or equipment and truck fleets
Require scheduled testing of vehicles’ tailpipe and evaporative emissions; federally mandated in areas with particularly poor air quality
Arrange active transportation with a fixed route, designated stops, and pick up times when children can walk to school with adult chaperones
Make water readily available in various settings via regular placement of drinking fountains, water coolers, bottled water in vending machines, etc.
Provide assistance to low income families to make their homes more energy efficient and to permanently reduce their energy bills
Support Farmers’ Market Nutrition Programs, which provide WIC and Senior Nutrition Program participants with coupons for fresh, unprepared, locally grown fruits and vegetables
Support breastfeeding via private, well-equipped lactation spaces in workplaces, along with breastfeeding breaks, flexible schedules, professional lactation support, etc.
Use educational, environmental, and behavioral strategies to improve food choices and physical activity opportunities in worksite settings, also called workplace health programs
Provide participating high school students with professional opportunities that combine academic and on-the-job training or mentorship
Restrict full contact between youth football players via limits to the number of contact practices, head hits per player, delay tackling until a certain age, etc.