What Works for Health

Policies and programs that can improve health

Telecommuting

Allow employees to work outside a central office, using technology to interact with others inside and outside the organization; also called remote work, telework, or flexible working arrangements

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Telemedicine

Deliver consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services remotely for patients who live in areas with limited access to care or would benefit from frequent monitoring; also called telehealth

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Telemental health services

Provide mental health care services (e.g., psychotherapy or counseling) via telephone or videoconference

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Text message-based health interventions

Provide reminders, education, or self-management assistance for health conditions, especially chronic diseases, via text message

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Tiered drug formularies

Vary patient drug costs by tier; e.g., generic drugs have the lowest co-pay or cost sharing in tier one, then preferred brand name medications (tier two), then non-formulary drugs (tier three)

Evidence Rating:
Mixed Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Tobacco cessation contests

Encourage participants to quit using tobacco on a set date or during a specific time period and give successful participants a chance to win financial rewards or other prizes; often called Quit & win contests

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco cessation therapy affordability

Reduce patients’ out-of-pocket costs for cessation therapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation counseling participation

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco marketing restrictions

Limit promotion, placement, flavoring, or pricing of tobacco products via regulation

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco quitlines

Deliver phone-based behavioral counseling for tobacco users who want to quit with follow-up calls scheduled proactively following initial contact

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use

Tobacco retailer licensing

Require retailers to purchase licenses, typically annually, to sell tobacco products; retailers must abide by all tobacco control laws to maintain licenses

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Tobacco Use