Long Commute - Driving Alone
Among workers who commute in their car alone, the percentage that commute more than 30 minutes. The 2023 County Health Rankings used data from 2017-2021 for this measure.
Longer commuting distances in vehicles have been associated with an increase in blood pressure and body mass index, and a decrease in physical activity.1 Each extra hour spent in a car every day increases the risk of obesity by 6%.2 Longer commute times have also been associated with poorer mental health.3,4
Data and methods
American Community Survey, 5-year estimates
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide survey designed to provide communities with a fresh look at how they are changing. It is a critical element in the Census Bureau's reengineered decennial census program. The ACS collects and produces population and housing information every year instead of every ten years, and publishes both one-year and five-year estimates. The County Health Rankings use American Community Survey data to obtain measures of social and economic factors.
Website to download data
For more detailed methodological information
Key Measure Methods
Long Commute - Driving Alone is a percentage
Long Commute - Driving Alone is the percentage of workers who drive alone with a commute longer than 30 minutes.
The numerator is the number of workers who drive alone (via car, truck, or van) for more than 30 minutes during their commute.
The denominator is the number of workers who drive alone (via car, truck, or van) during their commute.
Can This Measure Be Used to Track Progress
This measure can be used to track progress with some caveats. It is important to note that the estimate provided in the County Health Rankings is a 5-year average. However, for counties with a population greater than 20,000 individuals, single-year estimates can be obtained from the resource listed below.
Finding More Data
Disaggregation means breaking data down into smaller, meaningful subgroups. Disaggregated data are often broken down by characteristics of people or where they live. Disaggregated data can reveal inequalities that are otherwise hidden. These data can be disaggregated by:
- Subcounty Area
This measure can be calculated for census tracts and census block groups using table S0802. These tables can be accessed at https://data.census.gov/cedsci/.
1 Hoehner CM, Barlow CE, Allen P, Schootman M. Commuting distance, cardiorespiratory fitness, and metabolic risk. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012; 42(6):571-578.
2 Frank LD, Andresen MA, Schmid TL. Obesity relationships with community design, physical activity, and time spent in cars. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2004; 27(2):87-96.
3 Künn-Nelen A. Does commuting affect health? Health Economics. 2016; 25(8):984–1004.
4 Hilbrecht M, Smale B, Mock SE. Highway to health? Commute time and well-being among Canadian adults. World Leisure Journal. 2014; 56(2):151–163