What Works for Health

Policies and programs that can improve health

Holistic approaches to reduce risky sexual behavior among adolescents

Coordinate efforts to reduce risky sexual behavior among adolescents with work, vocational training, or sports

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

HOME Investment Partnership Program

Provide grants to states and localities to fund activities that build, buy, or rehabilitate affordable housing for rent or homeownership or provide direct rental assistance to low income households

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Home water temperature safety education

Educate families about safe tap water temperatures during prenatal or well-baby visits at clinic or home visits; often with home safety checks or home water temperature safety equipment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Homework or extra credit for PE class

Assign homework or extra credit activities for physical education (PE) or health classes that require students to be physically active outside of school

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Hospital wristband color standardization

Establish national standards for the colors of patient wristbands used to alert health care providers about specific conditions such as allergies or elevated fall risk

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Hot spot policing

Focus police resources and enforcement on high-activity crime locations within a community (e.g., street blocks and buildings) using policing tactics such as increasing enforcement time, problem-oriented policing, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Household lead control education interventions

Inform parents about lead exposure pathways and cleaning and hygiene techniques and undertake minor repairs or specialized cleaning

Evidence Rating:
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Housing Choice Voucher Program (Section 8)

Provide eligible low and very low income families with vouchers to help cover the costs of rental housing; also called Section 8

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Housing First

Provide rapid access to permanent housing and support (e.g., crisis intervention, needs assessment, case management), usually for chronically homeless individuals with persistent mental illness or substance abuse issues

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Housing mediation services

Facilitate mediation between tenants and landlords to resolve conflict and prevent eviction

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Housing rehabilitation loan & grant programs

Provide funding, primarily to low or median income families, to repair, improve, or modernize dwellings and remove health or safety hazards

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Housing trust funds

Support funds that help create or maintain low income housing, subsidize rental housing, and assist low income homebuyers and non-profit housing developers

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine education

Inform young women and men about HPV and its consequences as well as the benefits of vaccination via telephone, writing, video, or in-person efforts

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Ignition interlock devices

Strengthen policies that mandate ignition interlock installation in vehicles to prevent operation by a driver with a high blood alcohol concentration

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

In-vehicle monitoring & feedback for novice drivers and families

Support use of in-vehicle devices that alert novice drivers when they have high g-force events (e.g., rapid acceleration, braking, or turning) and allow families to review driving performance later

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Inclusionary zoning

Require developers to reserve a proportion of housing units for low income residents via mandatory requirements or incentives such as density bonuses

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Incredible Years

Support young children who exhibit or are at risk for behavioral problems with interpersonal relationship training and parents and teachers who are trained to meet their needs

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Individual Development Accounts (IDAs)

Support subsidized asset accumulation programs in which deposits by low and moderate income participants are matched by program sponsors; withdrawals must be used for qualified expenses to retain matching funds

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Income

Individual incentives for public transportation

Offer incentives such as free or discounted bus, rail, or transit passes, reimbursements, partial payments, or pre-tax payroll deductions to encourage individuals’ use of existing public transit

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit

Individually-adapted physical activity programs

Teach behavioral skills that can help individuals incorporate physical activity into their daily routines

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise