What Works for Health

Policies and programs that can improve health

CenteringPregnancy

Provide prenatal care in a group setting, integrating health assessment, education, and support

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Access to Care

Certificates of employability

Issue certificates of employability to individuals with criminal convictions who have met pre-specified standards of rehabilitation; also called certificates of relief, reentry, good conduct, rehabilitation, recovery, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Charter schools

Establish publicly financed schools that are not subject to many of the regulations that govern traditional public schools, such as staffing, curriculum, and budgeting requirements

Evidence Rating:
Mixed Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education

Chicago Child-Parent Centers

Provide preschool education and comprehensive support to low income families, including small classes, student meals, and home visits with referrals for social service support as needed

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

Child bicycle helmet promotion programs

Promote child bicycle helmet use via bicycle safety education, media campaigns, or provision of free or subsidized helmets

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Child care subsidies

Provide financial assistance to working parents, or parents attending school, to pay for center-based or certified in-home child care

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Income

Child development accounts

Establish dedicated child development accounts (CDAs) to build assets over time with contributions from family, friends, and sometimes, supporting organizations; also called children’s savings accounts (CSAs)

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Income, Education

Child firearm access prevention laws

Impose penalties on adults for a child’s unsupervised access to firearms or violation of safe firearm storage requirements

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

Child tax credit expansion

Expand federal or state child tax credits by increasing credit amounts, making credits refundable, decreasing or eliminating the earnings threshold, or creating a fully refundable supplement

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Income

Child-focused advertising restrictions for unhealthy foods & beverages

Restrict child-focused advertising for unhealthy foods and beverages via bans on unhealthy food and drink ads during children’s TV programs, product placement in children’s movies, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Chronic disease management programs

Implement multi-component efforts that include coordination of health services by multidisciplinary teams of health care professionals, patient self-management, and patient education

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Chronic disease self-management (CDSM) programs

Provide educational and behavioral interventions that support patients’ ability to actively manage their condition(s) in everyday life

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Quality of Care

Clean diesel technology fleet transition programs

Replace or retrofit diesel buses or other vehicles to operate with clean diesel technology

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Air and Water Quality

Clinic-based interventions for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination

Combine information about HPV and the benefits of vaccination with efforts to support vaccine series completion (e.g., patient and parent education or reminders, physician education, etc.)

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Sexual Activity

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for offenders

Use individual or group therapy to help offenders discover and change the thought processes that lead to maladaptive behavior

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety

College access programs

Help underrepresented students prepare academically for college, complete applications, and enroll, especially first generation applicants and students from low income families

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Education

College-based obesity prevention educational interventions

Support multi-component educational interventions for college students that address nutrition, physical activity, and healthy weight management; often with environmental modifications

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Diet and Exercise

Community arts programs

Support locally-based visual, media, and performing arts initiatives for children and adults; also called participatory arts programs

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Community centers

Support community venues that facilitate local residents’ efforts to socialize, participate in recreational or educational activities, gain information, and seek counseling or support services

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Family and Social Support

Community Development Block Grants (CDBGs)

Provide funding for local community development activities such as affordable housing, anti-poverty programs, and infrastructure development

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Housing and Transit