Establish a break from the school day, typically before lunch, that involves planned, inclusive, actively supervised games or activities; also called semi-structured, or structured recess
What Works for Health
Policies and programs that can improve health
Offer group educational, social, or physical activities that promote social interactions, regular attendance, and community involvement among older adults
Enable law enforcement officials to take an individual’s drivers license when that individual refuses or fails a chemical test such as a breathalyzer
Support acquisition of job-specific skills through education, certification programs, or on-the-job training, often with personal development resources and other supports
Work to empower victims of intimate partner violence, help them with safety plans, and link them with community services (e.g., legal, housing, financial advice, emergency shelter, etc.)
Create designated tax districts that generate revenue to invest in affordable housing initiatives, blight remediation, and economic development efforts
Restrict alcohol availability and use at sporting events, other public events (e.g., concerts and street fairs) and in public spaces such as parks and beaches
Restrict the content and placement of alcohol advertisements via local ordinances, state laws, or industry self-regulation
Provide information and increase motivation to change or prevent problematic alcohol consumption in a short session; also called alcohol screening & brief intervention
Limit the days alcohol can be sold in on-premise settings such as bars and restaurants or in off-premise outlets such as liquor and convenience stores; sometimes with limits to times of sale
Use regulatory authority to reduce density of alcohol beverage outlets (i.e., places that sell alcohol) or limit increases in the density of such outlets
Increase the price of alcohol via regular adjustments to taxes levied for beer, wine, and liquor purchases
Expand the role of allied dental professionals (e.g., hygienists, therapists, etc.) via changes to statute, dentist supervision requirements, etc.
Support alternative fuel and vehicle use via financial incentives (e.g., tax benefits, rebates, etc.), mandates (e.g., consumption targets or renewable fuel standards), research and development investments, etc.
Provide educational and social services in an alternative setting for students at-risk of dropping out of traditional high schools
Support interventions that provide chronically absent students with resources to improve self-esteem, social skills, etc. and address familial and school-related factors that can contribute to poor attendance
Use devices such as speed cameras, laser devices, radar, etc. to enforce speed limits; devices can be permanent fixtures or be used manually by law enforcement officers
Prohibit criminal history questions on job applications and postpone background checks
Revise health care processes and provider roles to integrate mental health and substance abuse treatment into primary care; continue to refer patients with severe conditions to specialty care
Use individual, group, and community-level interventions to provide education, support, and training that can affect social norms about HIV and other STIs
Establish laws that require bicyclists to wear helmets; laws can apply to children or all bicyclists and can be established at the state or local level
Accommodate or provide dedicated space for bicyclists via bicycle paths, lanes, cycle tracks or protected bike lanes, etc.
Match disadvantaged or at-risk youth with volunteer mentors in school or community settings
Establish a framework to increase walking and biking trails and improve connectivity of non-auto paths and trails in a particular area
Provide one-on-one advice, education, and emotional and social support to women of color, by volunteer women of color, during pregnancy and for one year after birth
Set legal limits for drivers’ blood alcohol concentrations (BACs)
Provide education, information, counseling, and support for breastfeeding to women throughout pre- and post-natal care
Implement checkpoints where law enforcement officers can stop drivers suspected of drinking and driving and assess their level of alcohol impairment; also called sobriety checkpoints
Provide basic skills (e.g., reading, math, writing, English language, or soft skills) and industry-specific training with other supports; also called occupationally contextualized basic education programs
Establish local regulations for confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) that address location, size, facility management, and pollution contributions to complement US EPA regulations
Restrict alcohol consumption anywhere on a college or university campus or only in specific areas (e.g., residence halls)
Provide parents with car seats free of charge, via loan or low cost rental, often with education about proper installation and use
Share information about the importance of proper car seat use and enforce existing laws via checkpoints, dedicated law enforcement officials, etc.
Educate parents and caregivers about proper use of car seats and reward parents and/or children for correct use
Provide career and technical education (CTE) as an integrated part of an academic curriculum for students at risk of dropping out of high school; also called vocational training
Establish small learning communities in high schools focused on fields such as health care, finance, technology, communications, or public service
Provide occupation-specific training for low-skilled individuals in high-growth industries, with education and supports, usually with stackable credentials and work experience opportunities
Help commuters share transportation through informal arrangements between individuals, formally arranged dynamic ridesharing programs, or other ride-matching services
Use a case management model for frail elderly patients living independently, coordinating aspects of long-term care (LTC) such as status assessment, monitoring, advocacy, care planning, etc.
Deliver tobacco cessation advice and motivational messages via text or video message
Provide prenatal care in a group setting, integrating health assessment, education, and support
Issue certificates of employability to individuals with criminal convictions who have met pre-specified standards of rehabilitation; also called certificates of relief, reentry, good conduct, rehabilitation, recovery, etc.
Establish publicly financed schools that are not subject to many of the regulations that govern traditional public schools, such as staffing, curriculum, and budgeting requirements
Provide preschool education and comprehensive support to low income families, including small classes, student meals, and home visits with referrals for social service support as needed
Promote child bicycle helmet use via bicycle safety education, media campaigns, or provision of free or subsidized helmets
Provide financial assistance to working parents, or parents attending school, to pay for center-based or certified in-home child care
Establish dedicated child development accounts (CDAs) to build assets over time with contributions from family, friends, and sometimes, supporting organizations; also called children’s savings accounts (CSAs)
Impose penalties on adults for a child’s unsupervised access to firearms or violation of safe firearm storage requirements
Expand federal or state child tax credits by increasing credit amounts, making credits refundable, decreasing or eliminating the earnings threshold, or creating a fully refundable supplement
Restrict child-focused advertising for unhealthy foods and beverages via bans on unhealthy food and drink ads during children’s TV programs, product placement in children’s movies, etc.