Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Employment"

17 results

Adult vocational training

Support acquisition of job-specific skills through education, certification programs, or on-the-job training, often with personal development resources and other supports

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Ban the Box

Prohibit criminal history questions on job applications and postpone background checks

Evidence Rating:
Mixed Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Bridge programs for hard-to-employ adults

Provide basic skills (e.g., reading, math, writing, English language, or soft skills) and industry-specific training with other supports; often incorporated in career pathway programs

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Education, Employment

Career pathways and sector-focused employment programs

Provide occupation-specific training in high-growth industries and sectors, combining education and supportive services, usually with stackable credentials and work experience

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Certificates of employability

Issue certificates of employability to individuals with criminal convictions who have met pre-specified standards of rehabilitation; also called certificates of relief, reentry, good conduct, rehabilitation, recovery, etc.

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Employee Assistance Programs (EAP)

Provide confidential worksite-based counseling and referrals to employees to address personal and workplace challenges

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment, Family and Social Support

Exercise and work-oriented back pain management programs

Support worksite exercise and physical conditioning programs for low back pain; also called work conditioning, work hardening, or functional restoration/exercise programs

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Flexible scheduling

Offer employees control over an aspect of their schedule through arrangements such as flex time, flex hours, compressed work weeks, or self-scheduled shift work

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

GED certificate programs

Implement programs that help individuals without a high school diploma or its equivalent achieve a General Education Development (GED) certificate

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Education, Employment

Job-sharing programs

Offer flexible working arrangements, allowing the duties of a single full-time position to be covered by two part-time employees

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

On-site child care

Provide employees with child care options at work; care may be provided free of charge, partially subsidized as part of an employee benefit package, or offered at market rates

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Paid family leave

Provide employees with paid time off for circumstances such as a recent birth or adoption, a parent or spouse with a serious medical condition, or a sick child

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Paid sick leave laws

Require employers in an affected jurisdiction to provide paid time off for employees to use when ill or injured

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Summer work experience programs

Provide short-term employment opportunities for youth, especially those in low income families

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Telecommuting

Allow employees to work outside a central office, using technology to interact with others inside and outside the organization; also called remote work or flexible working arrangements

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Transitional jobs

Establish time-limited, subsidized, paid job opportunities to provide a bridge to unsubsidized employment

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Employment

Youth apprenticeship initiatives

Provide participating high school students with professional opportunities that combine academic and on-the-job training or mentorship

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Employment