Policies & Programs

Policies and programs that can improve health

filtered by "Alcohol and Drug Use"

37 results

Administrative license suspension/revocation laws

Enable law enforcement officials to take an individual’s drivers license when that individual refuses or fails a chemical test such as a breathalyzer

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol access restrictions in public places

Restrict alcohol availability and use at sporting events, other public events (e.g., concerts and street fairs) and in public spaces such as parks and beaches

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol advertising restrictions

Restrict the content and placement of alcohol advertisements via local ordinances, state laws, or industry self-regulation

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol brief interventions

Provide information and increase motivation to change or prevent problematic alcohol consumption in a short session; also called alcohol screening & brief intervention

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol days of sale restrictions

Limit the days alcohol can be sold in on-premise settings such as bars and restaurants or in off-premise outlets such as liquor and convenience stores; sometimes with limits to times of sale

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol outlet density restrictions

Use regulatory authority to reduce density of alcohol beverage outlets (i.e., places that sell alcohol) or limit increases in the density of such outlets

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Alcohol taxes

Increase the price of alcohol via regular adjustments to taxes levied for beer, wine, and liquor purchases

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Blood alcohol concentration laws

Set legal limits for drivers’ blood alcohol concentrations (BACs)

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Breath testing checkpoints

Implement checkpoints where law enforcement officers can stop drivers suspected of drinking and driving and assess their level of alcohol impairment; also called sobriety checkpoints

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Campus alcohol bans

Restrict alcohol consumption anywhere on a college or university campus or only in specific areas (e.g., residence halls)

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Designated driver promotion programs

Encourage use of designated drivers via population-based mass media campaigns, incentive programs based in drinking establishments, and other efforts

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Dram shop liability laws

Allow owners or servers at retail establishments where a customer recently consumed alcohol to be held legally responsible for harms inflicted by that customer

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Drink special restrictions

Limit or ban promotional events and unlimited beverages at a fixed price for a fixed period of time (e.g., happy hours, ladies’ nights, all-you-can-drink specials, etc.)

Evidence Rating:
Some Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Drug courts

Use specialized courts to offer criminal offenders with drug dependency problems an alternative to adjudication or incarceration

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Alcohol and Drug Use

Enhanced enforcement of laws prohibiting alcohol sales to minors

Initiate or increase retailer compliance checks for laws that prohibit alcohol sales to minors, often as part of a multi-faceted effort

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Family treatment drug courts

Use specialized courts to work with parents involved in the child welfare system who may lose custody of their children due to substance abuse

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Community Safety, Alcohol and Drug Use

Good Samaritan drug overdose laws

Provide immunity from arrest, charge, or prosecution for drug possession or paraphernalia when individuals experiencing or witnessing drug overdose summon emergency services

Evidence Rating:
Expert Opinion
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Ignition interlock devices

Strengthen policies that mandate ignition interlock installation in vehicles to prevent operation by a driver with a high blood alcohol concentration

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Keg registration laws

Require unique identifiable markers (e.g., purchaser’s name and address, date of birth, etc.) on returnable kegs of beer sold for private use

Evidence Rating:
Insufficient Evidence
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use

Mass media campaigns against alcohol-impaired driving

Use mass media campaigns to persuade individuals to avoid drinking and driving or to prevent others from doing so; campaigns often focus on fear of arrest or injury to self, others, or property

Evidence Rating:
Scientifically Supported
Health Factor(s):
Alcohol and Drug Use