Residents who participate in neighborhood watches report suspicious or potentially criminal behavior to local law enforcement. Residents work together to help law enforcement solve problems, and are typically led by a block organizer who serves as the liaison with local police (NNW). Some neighborhood watches conduct security surveys and encourage residents to mark their property with personal identifiers (Campbell-Bennett 2008).
Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)
Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes
Evidence of Effectiveness
There is strong evidence that neighborhood watches reduce crime; watches have been shown to reduce crime between 16 and 26% (Campbell-Bennett 2008). Neighborhood watch programs are also a suggested strategy to prevent vandalism (Scott 2007). Additional study is needed to confirm which neighborhood watch practices most effectively reduce crime (Campbell-Bennett 2008).
A study of neighborhood watch signs suggests that effects of these signs on individuals’ fear of burglary may vary by neighborhoods’ socio-economic condition. Signs appear to increase concerns of burglary in low income neighborhoods, especially when the sign is aged or defaced, but appear to have less effect on concerns about burglary in high income neighborhoods (Schultz PW, Tabanico JJ. Criminal beware: A social norms perspective on posting public warning signs. Criminology. 2009;47(4):1201-22.
Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)).
Impact on Disparities
No impact on disparities likely
NNW - National Neighborhood Watch (NNW). A Division of the National Sheriffs’ Association.
BJA-Program manual - Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Neighborhood watch manual.
BJA-Resources for Native American - Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Watch out, help out your community: Neighborhood watch resources for Native American communities.
Citations - Evidence
* Journal subscription may be required for access.
Campbell-Bennett 2008 - Bennett T, Holloway K, Farrington D. The effectiveness of neighborhood watch. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2008:18.
Schultz 2009* - Schultz PW, Tabanico JJ. Criminal beware: A social norms perspective on posting public warning signs. Criminology. 2009;47(4):1201-22.
Scott 2007 - Scott ML, La Vigne NG, Palmer T. Preventing Vandalism. Washington DC: The Urban Institute Justice Policy Center; 2007.
Citations - Implementation Examples
Date Last Updated
- Scientifically Supported: Strategies with this rating are most likely to make a difference. These strategies have been tested in many robust studies with consistently positive results.
- Some Evidence: Strategies with this rating are likely to work, but further research is needed to confirm effects. These strategies have been tested more than once and results trend positive overall.
- Expert Opinion: Strategies with this rating are recommended by credible, impartial experts but have limited research documenting effects; further research, often with stronger designs, is needed to confirm effects.
- Insufficient Evidence: Strategies with this rating have limited research documenting effects. These strategies need further research, often with stronger designs, to confirm effects.
- Mixed Evidence: Strategies with this rating have been tested more than once and results are inconsistent or trend negative; further research is needed to confirm effects.
- Evidence of Ineffectiveness: Strategies with this rating are not good investments. These strategies have been tested in many robust studies with consistently negative and sometimes harmful results.