College-based obesity prevention interventions
Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)
Increased physical activity
Improved physical fitness
Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes
Improved weight status
Improved health-related knowledge
Evidence of Effectiveness
There is insufficient evidence to determine whether college-based obesity prevention programs increase physical activity or physical fitness (CG-Physical activity, CG-Obesity). Available evidence suggests that college-based obesity prevention programs may increase physical activity and physical fitness in the short-term, but gains fade over time (CG-Physical activity, Hivert 2007). Online obesity prevention interventions combined with feedback may prevent weight gain among college freshman (Gow 2010, Levitsky 2006) and web-based nutrition education programs for college students may increase nutrition knowledge (Watt 2006). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Impact on Disparities
No impact on disparities likely
Citations - Evidence
* Journal subscription may be required for access.
CG-Physical activity - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Physical activity.
CG-Obesity - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Obesity.
Gow 2010 - Gow RW, Trace SE, Mazzeo SE. Preventing weight gain in first year college students: An online intervention to prevent the “freshman fifteen.” Eating Behaviors. 2010;11(1):33–9.
Hivert 2007 - Hivert M-F, Langlois M-F, Bérard P, Cuerrier J-P, Carpentier A. Prevention of weight gain in young adults through a seminar-based intervention program. International Journal of Obesity. 2007;31(8):1262–9.
Watt 2006 - Watt M, Franko DL, Cunningham JA, et al. Benefits of web-based nutrition education for college students. American Public Health Association (APHA) 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition, November 4-8 2006.
Levitsky 2006 - Levitsky D, Garay J, Nausbaum M, Neighbors L, DellaValle D. Monitoring weight daily blocks the freshman weight gain: A model for combating the epidemic of obesity. International Journal of Obesity. 2006;30(6):1003–10.
Citations - Implementation Examples
Date Last Updated
- Scientifically Supported: Strategies with this rating are most likely to make a difference. These strategies have been tested in many robust studies with consistently positive results.
- Some Evidence: Strategies with this rating are likely to work, but further research is needed to confirm effects. These strategies have been tested more than once and results trend positive overall.
- Expert Opinion: Strategies with this rating are recommended by credible, impartial experts but have limited research documenting effects; further research, often with stronger designs, is needed to confirm effects.
- Insufficient Evidence: Strategies with this rating have limited research documenting effects. These strategies need further research, often with stronger designs, to confirm effects.
- Mixed Evidence: Strategies with this rating have been tested more than once and results are inconsistent or trend negative; further research is needed to confirm effects.
- Evidence of Ineffectiveness: Strategies with this rating are not good investments. These strategies have been tested in many robust studies with consistently negative and sometimes harmful results.