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Policies & Programs, filtered by "Community Safety"

Policies and programs that can improve health

51 results

Advocacy for victims of intimate partner violence

Insufficient Evidence

Work to empower victims of intimate partner violence, help them with safety plans, and link them with community services (e.g., legal, housing, financial advice, emergency shelter, etc.)

Community Safety

Bicycle helmet laws

Scientifically Supported

Establish laws that require bicyclists to wear helmets; laws can apply to children or all bicyclists and can be established at the state or local level

Community Safety

Bicycle paths, lanes & tracks

Some Evidence

Accommodate or provide dedicated space for bicyclists via bicycle paths, lanes, cycle tracks or protected bike lanes, etc.

Community Safety

Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS)

Some Evidence

Match disadvantaged or at-risk youth with volunteer mentors in school or community settings

Community Safety  ·  Education

Car seat distribution & education programs

Scientifically Supported

Provide parents with car seats free of charge, via loan or low cost rental, often with installation support

Community Safety

Car seat education & enforcement campaigns

Scientifically Supported

Share information about the importance of proper car seat use and enforce existing laws via checkpoints, dedicated law enforcement officials, etc.

Community Safety

Car seat incentive & education programs

Scientifically Supported

Educate parents and caregivers about proper use of car seats and reward parents and/or children for correct use

Community Safety

Child bicycle helmet promotion programs

Scientifically Supported

Promote child bicycle helmet use via health education, media campaigns, or provision of free or low-cost helmets

Community Safety

Child firearm access prevention laws

Some Evidence

Impose penalties on adults for a child’s unsupervised access to firearms or violation of safe firearm storage requirements

Community Safety

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for offenders

Scientifically Supported

Use cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to help offenders discover and change the thought processes that lead to maladaptive behavior

Community Safety

Community policing

Scientifically Supported

Implement a policing philosophy based on community partnership, organizational transformation, and problem solving techniques to proactively address public safety issues: also called community-oriented policing

Community Safety

Comprehensive firearm background checks

Some Evidence

Require checks of a broad set of disqualifying criteria (e.g., misdemeanor convictions, domestic violence restraining orders, and juvenile convictions) prior to handgun purchase

Community Safety

Court mandated programs for perpetrators of intimate partner violence

Mixed Evidence

Expand court-referred intimate partner violence offenders’ understanding of abuse, teach alternative reactions, and work to change gender role attitudes; also called batterer intervention programs (BIPs)

Community Safety

Cure Violence Health model

Some Evidence

Detect and intervene in potentially violent situations, educate and mobilize communities, and connect high-risk individuals to services; formerly called Chicago CeaseFire

Community Safety

Drug courts

Scientifically Supported

Use specialized courts to offer criminal offenders with drug dependency problems an alternative to adjudication or incarceration

Community Safety  ·  Alcohol and Drug Use

Early childhood home visiting programs

Scientifically Supported

Provide parents with information, support, and training regarding child health, development, and care from prenatal stages through early childhood via trained home visitors

Community Safety  ·  Family and Social Support

Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs

Scientifically Supported

Add publicity and other strategies (e.g., supplemental patrols, increased officers, etc.) to efforts to enforce existing seat belt laws

Community Safety

Family treatment drug courts

Scientifically Supported

Use specialized courts to work with parents involved in the child welfare system who may lose custody of their children due to substance abuse

Community Safety  ·  Alcohol and Drug Use

Firearm licensing laws

Scientifically Supported

Require a potential purchaser to obtain a permit or license before purchasing a firearm

Community Safety

Focused deterrence strategies

Scientifically Supported

Target a particular crime through law enforcement and community agency cooperation and coordination of various deterrents and social services; also called pulling levers policing

Community Safety

Functional Family Therapy (FFT)

Scientifically Supported

Introduce a short-term family-based intervention therapy focused on strengths, protective factors and risk factors for youth with delinquency, violence, or substance abuse problems, and their families

Community Safety

Health care screening & follow-up for intimate partner violence

Some Evidence

Assesses past or present experience of intimate partner violence among female patients in health care settings and provides follow-ups such as counseling or referrals for services

Community Safety

Home water temperature safety education

Scientifically Supported

Educate families about safe water temperatures during prenatal or well-baby visits, and, often provide home water temperature safety equipment

Community Safety

In-vehicle monitoring & feedback for novice drivers and families

Some Evidence

Support use of in-vehicle devices that alert novice drivers when they have high g-force events (e.g., rapid acceleration, braking, or turning) and allow families to review driving performance later

Community Safety

Juvenile curfews

Evidence of Ineffectiveness

Restrict youth under a certain age from being in public places during certain hours, usually at night

Community Safety

Kinship care for children removed from home due to maltreatment

Scientifically Supported

Arrange full-time foster care by adults who are not a child’s parents but who have a kinship bond with a child (e.g., relatives, tribe members, godparents, etc.)

Community Safety

Mentoring programs: delinquency

Scientifically Supported

Enlist mentors to develop relationships and spend time individually with at-risk mentees for an extended period; mentors have greater knowledge, skills, etc. than mentees

Alcohol and Drug Use  ·  Community Safety

Multi-component fall prevention interventions for older adults

Scientifically Supported

Provide a fixed, multi-component set of fall prevention interventions to older adults, usually in community settings

Community Safety  ·  Quality of Care

Multisystemic Therapy (MST) for juvenile offenders

Scientifically Supported

Use an intensive, family- and community-based intervention that addresses individual and environmental factors that affect antisocial behaviors among serious juvenile offenders

Community Safety

Neighborhood watch

Scientifically Supported

Support the efforts of neighborhood residents to work together in preventing crime by reporting suspicious or potentially criminal behavior to local law enforcement

Community Safety

Out of town bypasses

Some Evidence

Establish roads that avoid built-up areas such as towns, cities, or commercial/business districts

Housing and Transit  ·  Community Safety

Playground safety regulations

Some Evidence

Adopt regulations that address the safety of playground environment, equipment, and materials, as well as adult supervision

Community Safety

Primary seat belt enforcement laws

Scientifically Supported

Allow law enforcement officials to stop drivers solely for failing to use a seat belt

Community Safety

Recreational marijuana legalization

Insufficient Evidence

Allow adults to possess a limited amount of marijuana for personal, non-medical use

Alcohol and Drug Use  ·  Community Safety

Restorative justice in criminal justice system

Scientifically Supported

Use victim-offender dialogue to address the harm caused by a crime and victims’ needs; can take place pre-arrest or post sentence via sharing circles, victim-offender mediation, or face-to-face conferences

Community Safety

Risk assessments & personalized approaches to fall prevention among older adults

Scientifically Supported

Conduct assessments that gauge older adults’ risk of falling and develop personalized approaches to help prevent falls

Community Safety  ·  Quality of Care

Rollover protection structures (ROPS)

Some Evidence

Use metal bars, frames, or crush proof cabs that prevent tractors from rolling over and crushing their drivers

Community Safety

Scared Straight

Evidence of Ineffectiveness

Organize tours of prison facilities for juvenile delinquents or youth at risk of delinquency and allow them to observe prison life and attend inmates’ presentations; also called juvenile awareness programs

Community Safety

School-based intimate partner violence prevention programs

Some Evidence

Provide youth with teen dating violence education that addresses healthy relationships, gender norms, relationship coercion, and violence in a school setting

Community Safety

Speed enforcement detection devices

Scientifically Supported

Use devices such as speed cameras, radar, etc. to enforce speed limits; devices can be permanent fixtures or be used manually by law enforcement officers

Housing and Transit  ·  Community Safety

Sports-related brain injury education

Expert Opinion

Educate coaches, athletes, and parents about the severity of sports-related brain injuries or concussions, proper prevention, detection, and treatment

Community Safety

Strong graduated driver licensing laws

Scientifically Supported

Strengthen laws that allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges

Community Safety

Swimming pool fencing

Scientifically Supported

Require fences around swimming pools

Community Safety

Traffic calming

Scientifically Supported

Modify the built environment to affect traffic speed and patterns via speed bumps, pedestrian refuge islands, roundabouts, etc.

Housing and Transit  ·  Community Safety

Trauma-informed juvenile justice systems

Expert Opinion

Support a trauma-informed juvenile justice system through staff training and broad adoption of trauma-informed practices and policies

Community Safety

Treatment Foster Care

Some Evidence

Place youth with mental, emotional, and behavioral health challenges in foster families that provide a structured, nurturing, therapeutic environment; also called Therapeutic Foster Care (TFC)

Community Safety

Treatment Foster Care Oregon

Scientifically Supported

Place severely and chronically delinquent youth in foster families that are trained in structured behavior management and connected to TFCO program staff; formerly called Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care

Community Safety

Universal distracted driving laws

Expert Opinion

Prohibit all drivers from texting or talking on a cell phone while driving

Community Safety

Universal firearm background checks

Some Evidence

Require both licensed and unlicensed firearm dealers to conduct background checks of potential handgun purchasers

Community Safety

Universal motorcycle helmet laws

Scientifically Supported

Require anyone riding a motorcycle to wear a helmet; laws may also include mopeds and scooters

Community Safety

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