County Health Rankings & Roadmaps, A Healthier Nation, County by County

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The County Health Rankings model of population health

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Explore guides and tools for improving health.

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Explore programs and policies that work!

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Key findings from the last four years of County Health Rankings and other national reports.

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Policies & Programs, filtered by "Housing and Transit"

Policies and programs that can improve health

35 results

Affordable housing tax increment financing (TIF)

Expert Opinion

Create designated tax districts that generate revenue to invest in affordable housing initiatives, blight remediation, and economic development efforts

Housing and Transit

Bike & pedestrian master plans

Some Evidence

Establish a framework to increase walking and biking trails and improve connectivity of non-auto paths and trails in a particular area

Housing and Transit  ·  Diet and Exercise

Carpool & rideshare programs

Expert Opinion

Help commuters share transportation through informal arrangements between individuals, formally arranged dynamic ridesharing programs, or other ride-matching services

Air and Water Quality  ·  Housing and Transit

Community Development Block Grants (CDBGs)

Some Evidence

Provide funding for local community development activities such as affordable housing, anti-poverty programs, and infrastructure development

Housing and Transit

Community land trusts

Some Evidence

Purchase land to lease to low and middle income home owners and require them to sell the home back to the CLT or to another low income resident at an affordable price

Housing and Transit

Complete Streets & streetscape design initiatives

Scientifically Supported

Enhance streetscapes with greater sidewalk coverage and walkway connectivity, street crossing safety features, traffic calming measures, and other design elements

Housing and Transit  ·  Diet and Exercise

Healthy home environment assessments

Scientifically Supported

Train volunteers, professionals, or paraprofessionals to help residents assess and remediate environmental home health risks and recommend low cost changes (e.g., improved ventilation, integrated pest management, etc.)

Housing and Transit

HOME Investment Partnership Program

Expert Opinion

Provide grants to states and localities to fund activities that build, buy, or rehabilitate affordable housing for rent or homeownership or provide direct rental assistance to low income households

Housing and Transit

Household lead control education interventions

Evidence of Ineffectiveness

Inform parents about lead exposure pathways and cleaning and hygiene techniques and undertake minor repairs or specialized cleaning

Housing and Transit

Housing Choice Voucher Program (Section 8)

Some Evidence

Provide eligible low and very low income families with vouchers to help cover the costs of rental housing; also called Section 8

Housing and Transit

Housing First

Scientifically Supported

Provide rapid access to permanent housing and support (e.g., crisis intervention, needs assessment, case management), usually for chronically homeless individuals with persistent mental illness or substance abuse issues

Housing and Transit

Housing mediation services

Insufficient Evidence

Facilitate mediation between tenants and landlords to resolve conflict and prevent eviction

Housing and Transit

Housing rehabilitation loan & grant programs

Scientifically Supported

Provide funding, primarily to low or median income families, to repair, improve, or modernize dwellings and remove health or safety hazards

Housing and Transit

Housing trust funds

Expert Opinion

Support funds that help create or maintain low income housing, subsidize rental housing, and assist low income homebuyers and non-profit housing developers

Housing and Transit

Inclusionary zoning

Some Evidence

Require developers to reserve a proportion of housing units for low income residents via mandatory requirements or incentives such as density bonuses

Housing and Transit

Individual incentives for public transportation

Some Evidence

Offer incentives such as free or discounted bus, rail, or transit passes, reimbursements, partial payments, or pre-tax payroll deductions to encourage individuals’ use of existing public transit

Housing and Transit

Integrated pest management for indoor use

Scientifically Supported

Support a four-tiered approach to indoor pest control that minimizes potential hazards to people, property, and the environment

Housing and Transit

Land banking

Some Evidence

Acquire, hold, manage, and develop properties such as vacant lots, abandoned buildings, or foreclosures, and transition them to productive uses, often affordable housing developments

Housing and Transit

Lead paint abatement programs

Scientifically Supported

Eliminate lead-based paint and contaminated dust by removing or encapsulating lead paint, or removing lead painted fixtures and surfaces

Housing and Transit

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Expert Opinion

Provide funds to help low income households meet home energy needs, especially households with members who are young or elderly, or have disabilities

Housing and Transit

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