County Health Rankings & Roadmaps, A Healthier Nation, County by County

The County Health Rankings models and measures

Our Approach

The County Health Rankings model of population health

What can I do?

Action Center

Explore guides and tools for improving health.

What Works for Health

Explore programs and policies that work!

What can I learn from others?


Key findings from the last four years of County Health Rankings and other national reports.

County-by-County Blog

Project updates, commentaries, events and news about health across the nation from the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps team.

Neighborhood watch

Evidence Rating

Scientifically Supported

Health Factors

Residents who participate in neighborhood watches report suspicious or potentially criminal behavior to local law enforcement. Residents work together to help law enforcement solve problems, and are typically led by a block organizer who serves as the liaison with local police (NNW). Some neighborhood watches conduct security surveys and encourage residents to mark their property with personal identifiers (Campbell-Bennett 2008).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)

  • Reduced crime

Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes

  • Reduced vandalism

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is strong evidence that neighborhood watches reduce crime; watches have been shown to reduce crime between 16 and 26% (Campbell-Bennett 2008). Neighborhood watch programs are also a suggested strategy to prevent vandalism (Scott 2007). Additional study is needed to confirm which neighborhood watch practices most effectively reduce crime (Campbell-Bennett 2008).

A study of neighborhood watch signs suggests that effects of these signs on individuals’ fear of burglary may vary by neighborhoods’ socio-economic condition. Signs appear to increase concerns of burglary in low income neighborhoods, especially when the sign is aged or defaced, but appear to have less effect on concerns about burglary in high income neighborhoods ().

Impact on Disparities

No impact on disparities likely

Implementation Examples

The National Neighborhood Watch and many local law enforcement agencies provide neighborhood watch volunteers with training and materials (NNW).

Implementation Resources

NNW - National Neighborhood Watch (NNW). A Division of the National Sheriffs’ Association.

BJA-Program manual - Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Neighborhood watch manual.

BJA-Resources for Native American - Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Watch out, help out your community: Neighborhood watch resources for Native American communities.

Citations - Evidence

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

Campbell-Bennett 2008 - Bennett T, Holloway K, Farrington D. The effectiveness of neighborhood watch. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2008:18.

Schultz 2009* - Schultz PW, Tabanico JJ. Criminal beware: A social norms perspective on posting public warning signs. Criminology. 2009;47(4):1201-22.

Scott 2007 - Scott ML, La Vigne NG, Palmer T. Preventing Vandalism. Washington DC: The Urban Institute Justice Policy Center; 2007.

Citations - Implementation Examples

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

NNW - National Neighborhood Watch (NNW). A Division of the National Sheriffs’ Association.

Date Last Updated

Feb 13, 2017