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Job-sharing programs

Evidence Rating

Insufficient Evidence

Health Factors

Decision Makers

Job-sharing is a flexible work arrangement in which the schedules of two part-time employees are arranged to cover the duties of a single full-time position, and each part-time employee retains the rights and privileges of the full-time position ().

Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)

  • Increased employment

Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes

  • Improved work-life balance

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether job-sharing increases employment. Available evidence suggests that job-sharing programs may increase productivity and reduce turnover and absenteeism but appear to have a negligible impact on unemployment rates overall (). Job-sharing is a suggested strategy to allow older workers to transition from full-time to part-time employment without retiring (Urban-Eyster 2008) and is often considered a family friendly policy () that can support work-life balance (Watton 2016, Griffin 2014, ). However, additional evidence is needed to determine effects.

Impact on Disparities

No impact on disparities likely

Implementation Examples

Job sharing is possible for many federal employees (US OPM-Job sharing). Examples of other organizations and programs that support job sharing include Abbott, Lancaster Labs, and the Unified School District of Wichita, Kansas (Urban-Eyster 2008).

Implementation Resources

1MFWF-Job sharing - 1 Million for Work Flexibility (1MFWF). Job sharing.

Citations - Evidence

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

Roche 1996* - Roche WK, Fynes B, Morrissey T. Working time and employment: A review of international evidence. International Labour Review. 1996;135(2):129-57.

Urban-Eyster 2008 - Eyster L, Johnson RW, Toder E. Current strategies to employ and retain older workers. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; 2008.

Griffin 2014 - Griffin B, Vest K, Pohl S, Mazan J, Winkler S. Part-time and job-share careers among pharmacy practice faculty members. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2014;78(3),1-6

Watton 2016 - Watton E, Stables S. The benefits of job sharing: a practice-based case study. In Flynn PM, Haynes K, Kilgour MA, eds., Overcoming challenges to gender equality in the workplace: leadership and innovation. Greenleaf Publishing; 2016:66-77.

Citations - Implementation Examples

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

Urban-Eyster 2008 - Eyster L, Johnson RW, Toder E. Current strategies to employ and retain older workers. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; 2008.

US OPM-Job sharing - United States Office of Personnel Management (US OPM). Hiring information: part-time & job sharing.

Date Last Updated

Sep 1, 2017