County Health Rankings & Roadmaps, A Healthier Nation, County by County

The County Health Rankings models and measures

Our Approach

The County Health Rankings model of population health

What can I do?

Action Center

Explore guides and tools for improving health.

What Works for Health

Explore programs and policies that work!

What can I learn from others?

Reports

Key findings from the last four years of County Health Rankings and other national reports.

County-by-County Blog

Project updates, commentaries, events and news about health across the nation from the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps team.

Advocacy for victims of intimate partner violence

Evidence Rating

Insufficient Evidence

Health Factors

Advocates work to empower victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and link them with community services such as emergency shelter and psychological assistance, legal, housing, and financial advice, and help establishing safety plans. Advocates try to help victims understand the abusive situation and achieve their own goals, rather than prescribing pre-determined solutions. Advocacy support can be short-term, crisis-focused or include more intensive, longer-term services, depending on victims’ needs and programs’ designs (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes (Rated)

  • Reduced intimate partner violence

  • Improved quality of life

Other Potential Beneficial Outcomes

  • Reduced post-traumatic stress

  • Improved mental health

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether advocate support improves outcomes for victims of intimate partner violence (Campbell-Rivas 2016). Available evidence suggests that community-based advocacy may reduce victims’ post-traumatic stress, depression, and fear (DePrince 2012), and intensive advocacy can reduce future physical abuse and increase quality of life for victims (Campbell-Rivas 2016). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects and better understand which advocacy methods are most effective (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Impact on Disparities

No impact on disparities likely

Implementation Examples

There are various efforts across the country to advocate for and support victims of intimate partner violence, for example, National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV).

Implementation Resources

NCDVTM-IPV advocacy - National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma, & Mental Health (NCDVTM). Resources for advocates: Trauma-informed DV advocacy.

Citations - Evidence

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

Campbell-Rivas 2016 - Rivas C, Ramsay J, Sadowski L, et al. Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2016:2.

DePrince 2012 - DePrince AP, Labus J, Belknap J, Buckingham S, Gover A. The impact of community-based outreach on psychological distress and victim safety in women exposed to intimate partner abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2012;80(2):211–221.

Citations - Implementation Examples

* Journal subscription may be required for access.

NCADV - National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV). The voice of victims and survivors.

NRCDV - National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV). Strengthen and transform efforts to end domestic violence.

Date Last Updated

Jun 15, 2017