Drug overdose deaths - modeled*

Drug Overdose Deaths are a modeled estimate of the number of deaths due to drug poisoning per 100,000 population. ICD-10 codes used include X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, and Y10-Y14. These codes used cover accidental, intentional, and of undetermined poisoning by and exposure to: 1) nonopioid analgesics, antipyretics and antirheumatics, 2) antiepileptic, sedative-hypnotic, antiparkinsonism and psychotropic drugs, not elsewhere classified, 3) narcotics and psychodysleptics [hallucinogens], not elsewhere classified, 4) other drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system, and 5) other and unspecified drugs, medicaments and biological substances.

Measure Tabs

Data Source

Years of Data Used


National Center for Health Statistics - Data.CDC.gov

The National Center for Health Statistics has produced model-based age-adjusted death rates for drug poisoning per 100,000 population by county and year.  Briefly, two-stage hierarchical models were used to generate empirical Bayes estimates of county age-adjusted death rates due to drug poisoning for each year during 2002–2015. These annual county-level estimates “borrow strength” across counties to generate stable estimates of death rates where data are sparse due to small population size.